Can Dogs Experience Jealousy Towards Other Dogs or Humans?

Jealousy is a complex emotion that is not limited to humans. It’s not uncommon for pet owners to wonder if their dogs can experience jealousy towards other dogs or humans. While dogs may not experience jealousy in the same way humans do, they can exhibit behaviors that suggest they are feeling envious or possessive.

Studies have shown that dogs are capable of experiencing a range of emotions, including jealousy. Dogs may display jealous behaviors such as growling, barking, or even aggression towards other dogs or humans who they perceive as a threat to their relationship with their owner. Understanding these behaviors and addressing them appropriately can help prevent any negative consequences and strengthen the bond between the dog and their owner.

It’s important to note that not all behaviors that may seem like jealousy are actually jealousy. Dogs may exhibit similar behaviors due to other reasons such as anxiety, fear, or lack of training. Therefore, it’s essential to observe the dog’s behavior closely and identify the root cause of the behavior before assuming it’s jealousy. In this article, we will explore whether dogs can get jealous of other dogs or humans, what signs to look for, and how to handle jealous behavior in dogs.

Understanding Jealousy in Dogs

Jealousy is a complex emotion that is not limited to humans. Dogs are capable of feeling jealous of other dogs or humans, especially when they perceive a threat to their relationship with their owners or other dogs in the household. Jealousy can manifest in different ways, including aggressive behavior, destructive behavior, or attention-seeking behavior.

When dogs feel jealous, they may try to compete for attention, toys, food, or other resources. They may also display signs of anxiety or stress, such as panting, pacing, or whining. It is important to understand that jealousy is a normal emotion for dogs, but it can become problematic if it leads to aggressive or destructive behavior.

To prevent jealousy from becoming an issue, it is important to establish clear rules and boundaries for your dogs. This includes providing each dog with their own space, toys, and food bowls. It is also important to give each dog equal attention and affection, and to avoid favoritism.

Training can also help prevent jealousy by teaching dogs to respond to commands and to respect each other’s boundaries. Positive reinforcement training can be particularly effective in shaping desirable behavior and reducing jealousy.

Signs of Jealousy in Dogs

Jealousy is a complex emotion that dogs can experience. It can be directed towards other dogs, humans, or even inanimate objects. Here are some signs that your dog may be feeling jealous:

  • Pushy behavior: Your dog may push their way between you and another dog or person, trying to get your attention.
  • Aggression: Jealousy can sometimes lead to aggressive behavior towards the perceived rival.
  • Attention-seeking behavior: Your dog may start barking, whining, or pawing at you to get your attention.
  • Destructive behavior: If your dog is feeling neglected, they may start chewing on furniture or other objects to get your attention.
  • Changes in body language: Your dog may show signs of tension, such as tensed muscles, a stiff tail, or a lowered head.
  • Excessive licking: Some dogs may start licking themselves excessively when they feel jealous or anxious.
  • Loss of appetite: Jealousy and anxiety can sometimes cause dogs to lose their appetite.

If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it’s important to address the underlying issue. This may involve giving your dog more attention and affection, providing more exercise and mental stimulation, or seeking the help of a professional dog trainer or behaviorist.

Causes of Jealousy in Dogs

Jealousy is a complex emotion that can have various causes in dogs. Here are some of the most common reasons why dogs may display signs of jealousy:

  • Changes in routine: Dogs thrive on routine, and any changes in their schedule or environment can cause stress and anxiety. This can lead to feelings of jealousy, especially if they feel neglected or left out.
  • Lack of attention: Dogs are social animals that crave attention and affection from their owners. If they feel like they are not getting enough love or attention, they may become jealous of other pets or people who are receiving it.
  • Resource guarding: Dogs may become possessive of toys, food, or other resources, and may display jealousy if they feel like another dog or human is trying to take them away.
  • Competition: Dogs are naturally competitive animals, and may become jealous if they feel like another dog or human is getting more attention or praise than they are.

It’s important to note that jealousy in dogs is often a sign of underlying issues, such as anxiety or insecurity. If you notice that your dog is displaying signs of jealousy, it’s important to address the root cause of their behavior and work with a professional trainer or behaviorist to help them overcome their issues.

Dealing with Jealousy in Dogs

Jealousy in dogs can be a challenging behavior to deal with, but it is not impossible to manage. Here are some tips to help you handle your dog’s jealousy:

  • Identify triggers: Observe your dog’s behavior and identify what triggers their jealousy. It could be a particular toy, treat, or person. Once you have identified the trigger, you can work on desensitizing your dog to it.
  • Train your dog: Training your dog to obey basic commands like “sit,” “stay,” and “come” can help you manage their behavior. It can also help your dog feel more secure and relaxed.
  • Avoid favoritism: Be sure to give equal attention and affection to all of your pets. Avoid showing favoritism, as this can lead to jealousy and aggressive behavior.
  • Provide separate spaces: If you have multiple pets, provide separate spaces for each of them. This includes separate feeding areas, beds, and toys. This can help prevent competition and jealousy between pets.
  • Consult a professional: If your dog’s jealousy is causing significant problems, consider consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist. They can help you develop a plan to manage your dog’s behavior and improve their overall quality of life.

Remember, jealousy in dogs is a natural behavior, but it can be managed with patience, consistency, and training. With the right approach, you can help your dog feel more secure and relaxed, and prevent jealousy from causing significant problems in your household.


While there is no clear consensus on whether dogs can experience jealousy, many studies suggest that they can display behaviors that are consistent with jealousy. For example, dogs may become aggressive or pushy when they perceive that they are not receiving enough attention or affection from their owners.

Other studies suggest that dogs may experience jealousy in situations where they perceive that another dog is receiving more attention or affection than they are. This can lead to behaviors such as growling, barking, or even biting in some cases.

However, it is important to note that not all dogs will display these behaviors, and some may be more prone to jealousy than others. Additionally, it is important to remember that jealousy is a complex emotion, and it is not always easy to determine whether a dog is truly experiencing jealousy or simply exhibiting other forms of behavior.

Overall, while the evidence is not conclusive, it is clear that dogs are capable of experiencing a range of emotions, including jealousy. As with any aspect of dog behavior, it is important to pay close attention to your dog’s body language and behavior, and to seek the advice of a professional if you have any concerns about your dog’s behavior.

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